What Occupational Hazards Occur In Pharmaceuticals?
Serious effects can occur from toxic gases, vapours, or liquids from inhalation, ingestion, or skin contact. Asphyxiation can occur due to toxic atmospheres, resulting in low oxygen levels. Additionally, there is a risk of explosions happening because of sparks, the character of some chemicals, or high temperatures. So, it is vital that risk assessments and rigid processes are put in place to mitigate these risks.
Additionally, there may be increased exposure to noise, potential for eye and face injuries, working at height risks and dangerous exposure to skin.
What Safety Measures Should Be In Place For Protecting Against Gases?
PPE that may be suitable for certain tasks in the pharmaceutical industry are powered air respirators (PAPR), facemasks with filters and escape sets. PAPR will provide wearers with a constant flow of air over a set period of time, like a work shift. They can either wear a mask or a hood, depending on circumstances and air will be fed to them through a blower unit and hose. The type of filter used for PAPR and facemasks will depend on the task in hand and also the type of gas present. For example for exposure to Formaldehyde gas Drager recommend using a B (P3) filter. Local workplace limits should be acknowledged. Escape breathing apparatus sets can be used should a person need to evacuate from a confined space such as a reactor vessel, containment room or storage and mixing tanks.