Benzene (C6H6) is a colourless or light yellow liquid at room temperature. It immediately dissipates into the atmosphere. Because its vapour is heavier than air, it may settle in low-lying places. In the United States, benzene is commonly used. In terms of production volume, it is among the top 20 chemicals. Benzene is utilised in manufacturing polymers, resins, nylon, and synthetic fibres in several sectors. It can also make lubricants, rubbers, dyes, detergents, drugs, and pesticides.
Benzene can be taken into the body through the skin or by eating benzene-containing materials and inhalation. The health consequences on workers are determined by the amount and duration of benzene exposure. A single exposure to a high concentration (hundreds of ppm) might cause headaches, fatigue, nausea, dizziness, and even unconsciousness if the concentration is extremely high (thousands of ppm), indicating an acute safety event.
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