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Ammonia - Gas Profile

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Ammonia (NH3) is a colourless gas, that consists of Nitrogen and Hydrogen. It has a pungent odour that is frequently compared to cleaning chemicals. Ammonia is created in soil by bacterial activities as part of the nitrogen cycle.

Ammonia can be found in the air, soil, and water, as well as in plants and animals, including people. Many home and commercial detergents also contain ammonia. Ammonia can irritate and burn the skin, mouth, throat, lungs, and eyes at high levels. Extremely high levels of ammonia can cause death or damage to the lungs. Ammonia exposure can cause injury to workers. The amount of exposure is determined by the dose, duration, and type of job performed.

A few facts about Ammonia:

  • It's made naturally when organic stuff, including as plants, animals, and animal excrement, decomposes.
  • Ammonia In dry situations, gas is lighter than air; yet, in wet/humid conditions, ammonia vapour can form, which is heavier than air.
  • It can induce eye, nose, and respiratory tract burning, which can lead to lung damage or death.
  • Although ammonia is not very flammable, it can explode when subjected to high heat.

Fun Fact – ammonia is part of the nitrogen cycle and is produced in soil from bacterial processes.

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